• January 1, 2016 Cattle inventory: 91,988,000 +3.2% (USDA NASS) 

  • 2015 Economic impact: $76.641 billion in farm gate receipts (USDA NASS) 

  • 2012 Number of cow herds: 777,943
    • 30.3 million beef cows (January 1, 2016 +3.5%) (USDA NASS)
    • 9.3 million dairy cows (January 1, 2016 +0.1%) (USDA NASS)
    • 34.3 million head calf crop (2015 +2.3$) (USDA NASS)
    • 90 percent of cow herds have less than 100 cows (2012)

  • 2015 beef and beef variety exports: 1.068 million metric tons (2.354 billion pounds); $6.302 billion (USMEF)
    • Top export markets: Mexico, Japan, South Korea, Canada, Middle East and Hong Kong

  • Top 5 states for Cattle on Feed (January 1, 2016) (USDA NASS)
    • Nebraska – 2,520,000 hd; -.4%
    • Texas – 2,440,000 hd; -2.8%
    • Kansas – 2,230,000 hd; +2.3%
    • Iowa – 1,230,000 hd; +0.8%
    • Colorado – 910,000 hd; -2.2%

  • 50 percent of the total value of U.S. sales of cattle and calves comes from the top 5 states with inventory (2014) (USDA NASS)
    1. Texas
    2. Nebraska
    3. Kansas
    4. California
    5. Oklahoma

  • Cost of production: from 2000-2010, feedyard cost of gain was $335/head; in the past four years, feedyard cost of gain was $536/head

  • Average producer age: 58.6 beef cattle ranching and farming; 55.9 cattle feedlots (2012 Census)

  • 2015: 28.74 million head of cattle harvested under USDA inspection; 23.96 billion pounds of commercial beef production. Average dressed weight 824 pounds. (USDA NASS)
     
USDA NASS - National Agricultural Statistics Service
USMEF – U.S. Meat Export Federation